Welcome to the website of artist Philip Stein, aka Estaņo / 1919 - 2009.
Assistant to David Alfaro Siqueiros from 1948 to 1958
Photo taken in 1948 of Estaño sitting with Siqueiros Photo taken in 1948 of Estaño sitting with Siqueiros


Photo taken in 1948 of Estaņo (right)
sitting with David Alfaro Siqueiros.

Murals Estaņo worked on with David Alfaro Siqueiros

Patricios y Patricidas
(Patricians and Patrician Killers) Ex Aduana de Santo Domingo Mexico, D.F. 1950
The Torture of Cuauhtemoc
Palace of Fine Arts Mexico, D.F. 1951
Cuauhtemoc Reborn
Palace of Fine Arts Mexico, D.F. 1951
For Complete Security For All Mexicans
Social Security Hospital 1 Mexico, D.F. 1953-56
From Porfirio Diaz to the Revolution
National Museum of History Chapultepec Castle Mexico, D.F. 1957
Monument to General Ignacio Allende
Ex Convent of the Conception San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato, Mexico. 1948
Man Master of the Machine and Not the Slave
National Polytechnic Institute Mexico, D.F. 1952
Excommunication and Execution of Hidalgo
Universidad Michoacana, Michoacan, Mexico. 1953
Velocity Fabricas Automex, Mexico, D.F. 1953
The People to the University and the University to the People
University City, Mexico, D.F. 1953 - 56
All of the above collaborations lead Estaņo to write the book, Siqueiros - His Life and Works.
This biography of Siqueiros was published in 1994 and is considered the definitive book on the great Mexican master.

One Man Shows by Estaņo

Galeria ARS, 1953, Mexico City
Galeria Goldring, 1955, Mexico City
Galeria Arte Moderno, 1956, Mexico City
Delgado Museum, New Orleans, LA, 1954. (Group show, 3 paintings)
Rudi's Gallery,1956, Houston Texas USA
ACA Gallery, 1957, New York, NYC USA
Gallery New York, 1959, New York, NYC USA
Galerie Internationale, 1961, New York, NYC USA
Clarksville Galleries, 1978, Upper Nyack, NY USA
Sala D' Exposicions De La Caixa Laietana, 1991, Mataro, Spain
Museu De La Marina, 1992, Vilassar de Mar, Spain
Museu Municipal,1993, Vilassar de Dalt, Spain

Press Reviews about Estaņo's artworks and exhibits

"In the Gallery ARS the US painter Stein (Estaņo), a painter who is revealed as being Identified integrally with the strongest tendencies of the present Mexican School.... other years various artists of the US had come to work and exhibit in Mexico and who, at least until now, have been less praiseworthy from beyond the Rio Bravo. To Tell the truth Stein (Estaņo) is one of the best of the North American painters who has come to Mexico.... It is his desire not to repeat the best of realism of the past, but to make a realism more realistic, A realism of his time....in consequence, new methods of composition, new material techniques, a new humanism in his creation gives a sense of the scale of his production." - P. Fernandez Marquez, El Nacional, August 16th, 1953

"All 21 pictures displayed at Mexico City's "Gold Ring Gallery" were executed in pyroxylin or other plastics on Masonite board. Nearly all.... echoed the world accentuating the bleak, the terrifying, the stark and tortured plight of man. Stein's (Estaņo's) clouds seemed haunted by atomic mushrooms, his figures hurtled through the air like dummies of the Yucca Flat blast experiments...." - Time (Latin American Edition), June 20th, 1955

"A painter already known to our public - Stein (Estaņo) - is exhibiting at present 37 of his compositions in the "Galeria de Arte Moderno". A great impulse of extroadinary energy distinguishes the work of this North American artist. The most diverse themes, the most original pictures have been the reason for his vigorous stroke and grave color with sharp accents. Behind his paintings is a person who has reached intellectual maturity by the forces of cruel experiences - the war perhaps.... It is exceedingly interesting to discover the enormous restlessness of this painter in his artistic labors. In the exhibition...one can see portraits as well as landscapes, studies of figures, imaginative compositions and the still-life, all of which is painted in a very well-handled realism....This is an artist that is not limited to the painting of only one theme. He is searching in all fields and he accomplishes real success...." - Manana, October 20th, 1956

[Galeria de Arte Moderno] "The paintings of Stein surge forth vigorously from the world of masses that struggles to find its most expressive form. It is a painting, hard, labored, but it enters inside the individual by roads of great humanity. There is a breath of tenderness in these hard masses of the "Active Figure", "Sleep", and others painted apparently with the fire of the stroke of an ax from the depths of the earth.... Underneath an apparent forgetfulness of composition he plays with spaces and volumes in a form of discreet intelligence. In the best style of realism, Stein marks an important milestone in that school....." - Janet Granier, Revista De America,
Nov. 3rd, 1956

[Delgado Museum, New Orleans, LA.] "The music was jazz as it should be played....Then all went to the exhibition room...to see the collection of jazz theme paintings....The main criterion was not, is it superior art? but does it express the theme? Philip Stein's "Study of Bessie" does just that. Bessie is painted in bold, simple style and she has a vigor suggestive of the music she is singing. Stein has used color discords rather than harmonies to heighten his effect. The painting is the best of several good ones he has on display." - Alberta Collier, The Times-Picayune New Orleans, July 18th, 1954

[Rudi's Gallery, Houston, Texas] "All of Philip Stein's paintings are realistic but they have a delightful freedom of style, such a free and sweeping brush stroke and reflect so much philosophic thought that the spectator at once puts them in the contemporary category despite the obviously classic root...." - Louis Blackburn, The Houston Press, May 7th, 1956

[ACA Gallery, New York]: Dore Ashton, art critic of The New York Times had written a very positive review of the exhibition in May 1957 which is now lost.

[Gallery New York] "The easy fluid style, the social connotations, the approach to the figure, in these paintings in Duco, speak for the painter's association with the Mexican Mural Movement. But there is, as well, an element of the Romantic and the Baroque, particularly in the ominous rolling storm clouds and fleeing figures in gardens tinged with yellowish light...." - ARTS, September 1959

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